This can be explained, among other things, by Buddhist religious practices in which ignorance is cited as a major cause of human suffering and the rebirth associated with it. The curricula at government schools should encourage democratic values, morality, tolerance of diversity and Myanmar’s social and cultural heritage. Progress and Completion in Education . Any revision of the curriculum would require careful consideration about subject content, including what languages would be taught. Myanmar plans to upgrade its education system in order to strip off what critics feel to be outdated colonial elements of schooling, Xinhua reported. We’re not betting on a print revival to ensure Frontier’s survival, but we believe print still has an important place in the media landscape. But there are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states. There are currently 47, 365 basic education schools in Myanmar with approximately 9.26 million students. Primary Education. Science, Technology and Innovation. It no longer exists in ASEAN countries but in Myanmar due to various reasons it is still slow in amending this system. EdStats (Education Statistics) provides data and analysis on a wide range of education topics such as access, quality, learning outcomes, teachers, education expenditures, and education equality. There is no equivalent in Myanmar of the General Educational Development test (also known as the General Educational Diploma and General Equivalency Diploma) in the US, which allows students who did not complete high school to qualify for university admission. The NESP is a comprehensive, widely-owned and evidence-based roadmap intended to reform the entire education sector over the next five years. Many parents are pushing for the government to reform the associations so they can have a greater say. In Yangon, it’s common to see food stalls – many of them selling deep-fried snacks – outside school gates. Every morning after the assembly to sing the national anthem, the Buddhist students recite a prayer and teachers tell students of other faiths to be still and say their prayers in silence. In order to find solutions to the challenges and gaps in the current education system, since July Ma Nang K Thwe believes that more needs to be done to teach the history of the country’s ethnic minorities in public schools. Learning by-heart was practiced for many years and was even dubbed as a “Parrot learning” system. Progress and Completion in Education. Teachers who have big classes often believe they need to hit students to maintain control. Describes the findings of a national education sector study, and stresses the importance of regional networks and educational partnerships. 1.1 The current basic education system in Myanmar comprises six years of primary (Grade 1 to Grade 6), three years of lower secondary (Grade 7 to Grade 9) and two years of upper secondary (Grade 10 and Grade 11) education. Following an optional pre-school period, children enter primary school for 5 compulsory years. Education in Myanmar is improving, though this progress has been slow. Primary Education In Myanmar once also known as Burma decades of political conflict have reduced a once-proud education system to one that is lagging sadly. A policy paper issued last month by the Ethnic Nationalities Affairs Center discusses mother-tongue based multilingual education. Most schools have snack bars, many of which were run by teachers until the 2005-2006 academic year, when the government ordered them to stop. This usually lasts for 1 or 2 years while the degreed ones in the University lasts for 3 to 4 years. This education should be an additional to a separate degree that prerequisite to the field of medicine. Sign up to be a Frontier member. But there are 150 universities and colleges that are divided into 14 divisions and states. The educational system of Myanmar (also known as Burma) is operated by the government Ministry of Education. Traces the history and development of the education system of Myanmar. The Education Reconstruction Committee of 1947 decided that Myanmar needed a homogeneous system of schools and that the education system had to be state provided and state controlled (Lwin 2000:5). Browse by country. Purrfect English Youth Essay Competition winner May Myat Noe Khant imagines a future in which urbanisation and increased foreign investment privilege a lucky few but leave the rest behind. Discussions about the education system in Myanmar often tend to be dominated by the curriculum. “It’s a depressing situation when education has become a market from which some principals benefit at admission times; the government should do more to control this,” said Soe Win Oo, who has provided tuition for about 30 years under the name Dr Bio. The NLD committed to addr… Myanmar established a multi-stakeholder local education group, the Education & TVET Sector Coordination Group (ETVSCG) in 2017. ... Evidence-based research is a crucial part of ensuring that the education system is boosted in the right ways. A key difference in Myanmar is the way the associations are run. Thet Zin Soe 06 Jan 2021 The Myanmar government wants to restructure and raise investments in the existing education system over the next five years so that it remains compatible with modern day requirements, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi said in her New Year speech. The paper notes that teaching children in their mother-tongue is globally recognised as the most effective way for early learning to occur. Schools train pupils in moral and social behaviour. “We can look at the language issue from a human rights perspectives, or we can look at the language issue and the history issue from a transitional justice perspective, if Myanmar is really willing to genuinely reform,” Nang K Thwe said, adding that there should be a comprehensive education sector review involving all stakeholders, including ethnic nationalities, the government, the Tatmadaw and the United Nations. Now, the new government of Myanmar has also made education reform a national priority. In Burma, otherwise known as Myanmar decades of political conflict have reduced a once-proud education system to one that is lagging sadly. Nearly 1 in 5 children (881,000) are not attending school, the national census of 2014 found. Myanmar has made upgrading the national education system a priority, and UNICEF supports the Government to implement the National Education Strategic Plan 2016–2021, together with other partners. Participation in Education . The national education system in Myanmar needs to undergo a … General Information. Stay on top of Myanmar current affairs with our Daily Briefing and Media Monitor newsletters, Our fortnightly magazine is available in print, digital, or a combination beginning at $80 a year, Sign up for our Frontier Fridays newsletter. Education specialists agree that the curriculum is badly in need of reform and would also benefit from the introduction of modern teaching methods and technology. The use of corporal punishment appears to have declined slightly, but many former students speak of receiving beatings from kindergarten to high school. One of the primary areas that would benefit from reform is Burma’s education system. The Naga Self-Administered Zone in the far north of Sagaing Region on the border with India provides examples of the disadvantages of using Burmese as the only medium of instruction. Myanmar education system Education has traditionally always been of great importance in Myanmar society. The only subjects that boys need to score higher marks than girls are law and computer science. English. Education System. While some call for capital punishment to be scrapped, others are demanding it for child rapists. A student who gets low marks is like to be hit on their back, legs or palm of their hand with a cane or bamboo sticks that many teachers keep on their desks. Anyone wishing to attend university in Myanmar must pass the matriculation exam. At independence, Myanmar had the highest literacy rate in … Such stories are all too common in Myanmar where attaining education is a difficult feat for many females despite it being constitutionally guaranteed for all. The higher education system follows a 4-1-3 year program with 4 years for a bachelor's degree, one year of qualifying classes, and 3 years for a master's degree. Education in Burma is not only inaccessible to many people but also heightens existing ethnic tensions. “Except Myanmar, nearly all other ASEAN countries have made changes to this KG +12 System,” he added. Teachers hit students for many reasons, such as not paying attention, causing disruptions in class, falling asleep or failing to achieve high marks in tests. Culture. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. The exam decides the future direction of a student’s life and career and if they do not pass they will not have another chance to qualify for admission to university. Some 3.5m adults over the age of 15 are thought to be illiterate. Myanmar. In Ayeyawady Division, there are 12 universities and colleges; 9 in Bago division; 1 in Chin State; 8 in Kachin State; 3 in kayah State; 4 in Kayin State; 14 in Magway division; 32 in Mandalay division; 5 in Mon state; 4 in Rakhine state; 12 in sagaing division; 12 in Shan state; 7 in Taninthayi division; and 34 in Yangon division including the yangon University. Since Myanmar’s internal conflicts are long-lasting and complex, the new education system should help people understand the underlying causes of current ethnic conflicts, contribute to social transformation and the peace process as well as learn non-violent ways of responding to conflict. However, the educational system was adversely affected by the coup d’états in 1962 and 1988, with academic spaces being targeted by the military to curb student protests and uprisings. The teaching of history is a controversial issue in Myanmar and many in ethnic areas believe they should be taught the history of their own people as well as that of the Bamar. Kyaw Lin Htoon is a Yangon-based journalist. Students who pass their matriculation can face disappointment if they fail to gain admission to the university of their choice. Any reform of the government school curriculum will be of little value if it cannot be taught effectively and more attention needs to be paid to teacher training. Leadership, organization, and history. Who we are. After a half-century of neglect under military rule, Myanmar's education system has fallen apart. They have to sit and listen to what the teachers say. There are no options, which is unfair to those who could not or did not finish high school and decide after working for a few years that they would like to further their education. According to Myanmar’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "Every school-age child in school" and "education for all" are the mottoes which guide Myanmar's educational efforts. The NESP anticipates a particular need in the area of non-formal education, helping people find alternative routes to learning and, eventually, work. Students at a mathematics tuition class in Yangon. Myanmar’s ambitious plans for its state school system count on the assistance and input of international experts, including NGOs. Each government school has an association of parents and teachers, similar to those in many other countries. It is understood that parents can secure admission to such schools by paying a “donation” ranging from K100,000 to K1 million. Education experts say corporal punishment can be eliminated if teaching methods are reformed. Education System . While most girls attend primary school, the numbers gradually decrease at the secondary and higher education levels. Myanmar education also provides engineering studies that lasts for 5 to 6 years while medicine for 6 and a half years. General Information . The corruption of the system is condemned by U Soe Win Oo, a private tutor, education reform campaigner and vice chairman of the National League for Democracy in Yangon Region. For example, in order to be accepted to study medicine, a girl must score at least 504, while a boy only needs to score 488. National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) during the period 2016-2021. The story of the education system in Myanmar is closely interweaved with the political situation. WHEN THE rainy season arrives every June, parents and children begin preparing for the start of a new school year. Another issue affecting teachers is their pay and consideration must be given to providing a decent income. A complementary approach in education is to develop a healthy moral mind in a healthy active body. The masters will then follow that extends for 1 to 2 years and ends with doctoral that usually takes another 6 to 9 years. Historically, Myanmar had a high quality education system Traditionally, children were taught at monasteries, and later following British colonization, there was a shift towards a westernized public school system. They say more awareness is needed to address the issue in Myanmar, where culturally and traditionally, beating is considered to be an effective way of dealing with rowdy students. Myanmar education is basically run by government ministries and most universities are based in the divisions of Yangon and Mandalay. Myanmar’s education system is divided into five segments: early childhood care and development (ECCD), basic education, alternative education, technical and vocational education and training (TVET), and higher education. He previously worked at Myanmar Now, Mawkun and Myanmar Business Today. Abstract Myanmar's education system is in a very weakened state. Support more independent journalism like this. The quality of school teachers may be excellent, however aging materials sadly let them down. Because of the importance of education to their children’s lives, many parents would like to play a more active role in the associations and are dissatisfied that they have to follow decisions made by teachers. Myanmar has not executed a convict for decades, though they continue to be put on death row. “This needs to be reviewed.”. Lunch is not provided so students have to bring a gyaint (tiffin carrier). The importance that almost the entire population places on the final matriculation exam cannot be underestimated. After the independence, the public schools started reaching all parts of… Most of the teachers in the zone are from lower Myanmar and because they are teaching in Burmese, the Naga children do not understand what they are saying. To give you a good notion on how Myanmar education is being chunked to provide the best to every child and adult Burmese, the education starts at Kinder 1 and extends up to Kinder 3. Education Expenditures. Some government schools are better than others and parents keen to ensure their children have the best possible education will not hesitate paying a bribe to secure admission to the school of their choice. Regional college then follows for those who cannot obtain degree-oriented ones. She stressed the importance of the language issue in the peace process. 40th Session of UNESCO Conference Speech by H.E. This often happens when parents want their children to attend a school outside the township where they live, such as the highly-regarded former Christian-run schools that were nationalised after General Ne Win seized power in 1962. 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